What You Need to Know about the 9 Principles of Development (Part 1)


A person’s growth complements his or her development. But though we find both intertwined with each other, growth and development are both different concepts. Growth refers to the person’s change in size and is quantitative in nature.

When you are marking your doorway with small horizontal lines each year to measure your child’s height, you are looking into his or her growth. When you see your child helping their grandma or grandpa walk towards the living room to the dining table, that gesture is called development.

As a parent, you always look forward to the different milestones of development your child reaches, and it is our job as your child’s teachers to inform you of the improvement your little one has accomplished.

Step One Academy LLC’s early childhood education in Plainfield NJ is critical about our pupil’s progress and in order to do that, we make sure to keep in mind the 9 principles of development:

  1. Early foundations are critical.

    People may seem to question the importance of early childhood education. These people believe that children are expected to play and not go to school to be bombarded with subjects and tasks. We say that early childhood education is very important to the development of the child because it is in these institutions that children learn the basic skills in life which cannot be taught when they are just at home without the supervision of expert adults.

    If children continue to stay at home and if parents do not invest in their child’s education, possibilities range from forgotten life skills to undiscovered talents. If children’s early exposure to education is completely shrugged off, this can affect your child’s future. This is the very reason why we continue to advocate quality early childhood education in Plainfield NJ.

  2. A child’s maturation and learning are vital to his or her development.

    Learning is changing for the better. This result from practice and series of experiences a person accumulated through the years. Of course, they can get these experiences at home. They can even just repeat a certain action until they have mastered it in their bedroom but wouldn’t it be greater if they learn it from their environment and from other people?

    When children are in an educational institution, they learn differently by bringing the things they learned at home to school and let the other children learn from them while learning things from others. It is like a give and take relationship. It can also teach them the importance of socialization and how it is vital to learn from one another.

  3. Development has definite and predictable patterns.

    Do you know what Jean Piaget, Sigmund Freud, Lawrence Kohlberg and Erik Erikson have all in common? They all have pointed out predictable patterns in the development of humans.

    We all have seen each stages of physical development in others and sometimes in ourselves but what the mentioned people did are to notice and defined a pattern in other development of man. Their contribution to the field of psychology is still the bible of every educator who aims to mark where the child is in his or her progress.

    Jean Piaget focused on the cognitive maturation of a person. This gave teachers the basis on how to tell which level of cognitive maturation their pupil is in. Sigmund Freud labeled the development of a person’s psychosexual development giving us the idea on the development of our sexuality. Erik Erikson turned his center of attention to how a human socializes thus the creation of his psychosocial development of man. Lastly, Lawrence Kohlberg is set to determining the moral development of a person.

    If those stages of development were not seen in an individual, we could then tell that he or she has not yet developed and matured according to what is expected of him or her.

Development is a very tricky thing to study and it is the job of teachers to take note of the developmental process of each of their students.

If you want to know more about Step One Academy LLC’s early childhood education in Plainfield NJ, or if you want to read more of our thorough discussion on the 9 principles of development, you can visit our website at

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